Workplace emergencies, whether due to workplace hazards or natural disasters, create a variety of dangers for workers in the impacted area. In such situations, worker safety is paramount. Preparing before an incident is vital to ensuring that you and your workers have the necessary equipment, know where to go, and how to stay safe when an emergency occurs. To help, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) provides resources on a wide variety of emergency preparedness considerations.

The best way to protect your workers is to “expect the unexpected” and carefully develop an emergency action plan (EAP) to serve as a guide when immediate action is necessary. Almost every business is required to have an EAP, which helps organize employer and employee actions during workplace emergencies. In general, you’re required to have an EAP if your workplace provides or requires fire extinguishers and if anyone will evacuate during an emergency.

Questions? We’re here to help.

We are committed to helping you understand your responsibilities as an employer. Many questions about your safety and health responsibilities may be answered by using the following elaws (Employment Laws Assistance for Workers and Small Businesses) Advisor:

For additional assistance, please contact:

OSHA's area offices provide advice, education, and assistance to businesses and organizations who request help with occupational safety and health issues. In addition, OSHA's On-Site Consultation Program offers free and confidential safety and occupational health advice. No citations or penalties are issued; the employer's only obligation is to correct identified hazards.

Please note that the mining industry has its own set of safety and health standards, rules, and regulations, which are overseen by the Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA). Mining industry employers should contact MSHA at 202-693-9400 or

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