Safety and Health

Safety reporting and recordkeeping

You have the responsibility to provide a safe and healthy workplace.

You’re required to keep a record of serious work-related injuries and illnesses if you’re a business with more than 10 employees. (Certain low-risk industries are exempted.) Minor injuries requiring first aid only do not need to be recorded.


These records must be maintained at the worksite for at least five years. Each February through April, you must post a summary of the injuries and illnesses recorded during the previous year. Also, if requested, you must provide copies of the records to current and former employees or their representatives. You can submit injury tracking forms online to the Federal Government. Deadlines to submit forms may vary from year to year.


You’re required to report any worker fatality within eight hours and any amputation, loss of an eye, or hospitalization of a worker within 24 hours.

Man using a laptop and mobile phone in a workshop.

We’re here to help.

We are committed to helping you understand your responsibilities as an employer. Many questions about your safety and health responsibilities may be answered by using the following elaws (Employment Laws Assistance for Workers and Small Businesses) Advisors:

For additional assistance, please contact:

OSHA at 1-800-321-OSHA (6742)

OSHA’s area offices provide advice, education, and assistance to businesses and organizations who request help with occupational safety and health issues. In addition, OSHA’s On-Site Consultation Program offers no-cost and confidential safety and occupational health advice. No citations or penalties are issued; the employer’s only obligation is to correct identified hazards.


Please note that the mining industry has its own set of safety and health standards, rules, and regulations, which are overseen by the Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA). Mining industry employers should contact MSHA at 202-693-9400 or

Need more information?

The elaws (Employment Laws Assistance for Workers and Small Businesses) Advisors are a set of online tools developed by the U.S. Department of Labor to help employees and employers understand their rights and responsibilities under federal employment laws.